Prolonged headache: the main causes
Rare to find a man who doesn't suffer from recurrent headaches. In medicine the norm is, if the cephalalgia is found in a person to 2 times a week, this pain is not accompanied by dangerous symptoms, which are described below, and is intense and lasting. But sometimes patients complain of long headaches. What's the reason for this phenomenon is the pain you think is long and what if long headache.
Causes and types of long-term headaches
There is virtually no disease that can not be accompanied by a headache, but if the majority of these pathologies, it is only one of a few symptoms, some cephalalgia comes to the fore and worried man.
All varieties of headache can be divided into primary (migraine, tension-type headache, jordanovska pain) and secondary when the cause is known, for example, when
Migraine and migraine status
Lasting headache associated with pressure changes
If a person has a long headache, the first thing you need to do is to measure
Cervical osteochondrosis and other degenerative changes of the vertebrae can cause long-lasting headache that is associated with the impairment of blood flow through the vertebral artery.
The fact that the inside of the cervical vertebrae is a channel in which the cavity of the brain is the vertebral artery. It nourishes the blood posterior third of the cerebrum and cerebellum. When structural abnormalities in the cervical spine, the artery can be squeezed and bent, which leads to a decrease in the intensity of blood flow. Because brain cells don't receive necessary oxygen and develops their hypoxia, a symptom which acts as cephalalgia.
Will be able to diagnose and recognize vertebrogenic headache the following symptoms:
- the pain is accompanied by vertigo, which appears frequently or worse after sudden movements in the neck;
- the patient complains of pain and tingling in the neck, muscle belt upper extremities;
- on the x-ray or MRI, there are signs of cervical degenerative disc disease or disc herniation.
Chronic ischemia of the brain
The disease, which was previously called
Rebound is a secondary headache that occurs when you overdose or uncontrolled pain medication. As a rule, it concerns people who are forced to take analgesics for chronic primary cephalgia (migraine and tension-type headache). Has recently become very common, as in the modern world painkillersvery common and available.
Ubusuna headache develops if the abuse:
- non-narcotic analgesics;
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- combination drugs;
- derivatives of ergotamine;
Duration aboutuse cephalgia is not less than 15 days a month, sometimes it takes on the character daily. Patients complain of a constant headache, which varies from low to moderate intensity throughout the day. As a rule, people Wake up with a cephalalgia. The medication does not completely eliminate the pain that causes everyone to take drugs, thereby only exacerbating the situation.
Very often, these patients have a transformation of the type of headache with one or two migraine attacks per month develops daily long-term chronic cephalalgia.
Tumors of the brain
The reason that a long headache may be tumors of the brain, for example, tumors, parasitic cysts, or aneurysms of blood vessels.
In the process of the growth of all tumors, both malignant and
Inflammatory diseases of the Central nervous system
Sometimes the reason that a long headache, can be inflammatory diseases of the Central nervous system – meningitis and encephalitis.
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges of the brain of any etiology (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic). The most common cause of meningitis, particularly in children is meningococcus.
Meningeal cephalalgia very intense, long and persistent, can not be removed analgesics, accompanied by a feeling of nausea, the act of vomiting, high sensitivity to external stimuli, impaired consciousness, high fever, resistant to treatment, a stiff neck, hemorrhagic rash on the body.
If time does not provide emergency care, a sick person can die from a flow off the brain tissue and klineline of the brain stem in the foramen Magnum of the skull or infectious-toxic shock.
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the substance of the brain. In most cases, is a viral disease. The clinical picture along with the pain in your head focal symptoms of brain damage.
Liquorodynamic cephalalgia can be caused by a large number of diseases. This is the first reason
There are symptoms when cephalgia, which cannot be ignored, because they can be a sign of threat to health and lifestyle-related diseases:
- if the headache came first the child orof the older person;
- the pain is intense;
- if prior to the occurrence cephalgia you have had any head injury, even a minor one;
- when the pain causes you to Wake in the night;
- in parallel with the headache you have focal neurological symptoms, for example, impaired vision, speech, sensation, paralysis and paresis, hallucinations, seizures;
- if the pain is progressive in nature;
- accompanied by nausea and the act of vomiting, dizziness;
- in parallel, it is possible to observe a fever, rash, high fever, muscle rigidity;
- not help pain medications;
- if the pain is prolonged and persists for several days.
Video transmission about the headache:
Making conclusions it should be noted that any long-term headache is among the warning signs, because in each case, the cephalalgia should not be left without medical attention.