Cerebral ischemia of brain vessels: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis
Cerebrovascular disease in recent years become an increasingly urgent problem of modern medicine. For anybody not a secret that the structure of the vascular lesions of the brain recently has changed with the prevalence of ischemic forms, which are primarily associated with a significant increase in the number
Causes ischemic damage
So, the main cause of cerebral ischemia is
Ischemic brain damage in the infant
Hypoxia-ischemia in the brain of a baby is a very common and dangerous diagnosis which put neonatologists and pediatric neurologists. This condition can have the most dire consequences for the child, until dementia, seizures, movement disorders, cerebral insufficiency.
In medicine this condition is found, the term “hypoxic-ischemic
Chronic ischemic disease of the brain
Chronic cerebral ischemia of brain vessels is a special type of cerebral vascular disease, which is caused by a gradual diffuse disturbance of blood supply to brain tissue that leads to the development of various disorders in the functioning of the brain. Previously, this violation was called
Stage of chronic cerebral ischemia
As has been said, IBGM – stage and slowly progressive disorder, characterized by a gradual change in 3 stages.
The first stage
In the initial stage of cerebral ischemia is dominated by subjective symptoms of the disease. Patients complain of a “heavy” head, fatigue,
Diagnostics of ischemic disease of the brain, as a rule, is not difficult, if the disease is typical in people of older age group with risk factors in anamnesis. But sometimes you may want a detailed diagnosis of what will help the following methods.
It is obligatory to clarify the risk factors of the patient are:
- myocardial infarction, stroke,
Principles of treatment
Treatment of chronic cerebral ischemia should include not only symptomatically, but also pathogenic. That is, the therapy should not be aimed strictly at addressing the manifestations of brain dysfunction, but also on diseases and conditions that led to it. Also, do not forget to eliminate risk factors IBGM.
An important aspect of treatment is to control
Implications and forecast
With timely diagnosis and proper treatment, the elimination of risk factors for all pathological processes in brain tissue can be suspended. In this case, the prognosis is favorable. But we must not forget that inthe case of a renewed negative influence (refusal of lipid-lowering and antihypertensive drugs) progression of cerebral ischemia will start again.
In severe cases, when the pathology is diagnosed in the later stages, and the patient presents with pronounced neurological deficit and eliminate all the symptoms is impossible. This causes the loss of professional and social activities.
Acute cerebral ischemia
Acute cerebral ischemia can occur in as a separate nosology, and on the background of chronic ischemic brain disease. In each case, such violations are a disaster for the body, since their effects are very severe and often lead to death and severe disability.
To acute ischemic damage of brain tissue include:
- A transient ischemic attack (TIA).
- Ischemic stroke.
Transient ischemic attack
TIA is a challenge, that is, reversible, acute impairment of cerebral circulation that occurs acutely, mainly characterized by focal neurological symptoms are sometimes present and cerebral signs that pass without consequences during the first 24 hours after the occurrence.
TIA also called a mini stroke. Etiology of acute TIA is no different from other forms of cerebral ischemia, with the exception of vascular spasm, which may also cause acute ischemia and hypoxia of brain tissue area.
Video about mini stroke (TIA):
Prevention of cerebral ischemia
The main preventive measures are:
- weight control;
- healthy eating;
- quitting Smoking and alcohol consumption;
- active lifestyle;
- avoidance of stressful situations;
- control of blood pressure and blood sugar;
- lipid-lowering therapy and diet.
Thus, early recognition of symptoms of cerebral ischemia, identification and correction of risk factors IBGM is the key to successful treatment and prevention of this disease are shown.