Home / Diagnosis - a Headache. Causes, symptoms and treatment. / What is neurology and what a neurologist?

What is neurology and what a neurologist?

Neuroscience is one of the medical sections dealing with disorders of the nervous system (Central and peripheral). Thanks to neuroscience, it became possible to study the mechanisms of emergence and development of some diseases, their symptoms, detection and treatment. In addition, neuroscience allows to determine the prevention against certain diseases, significantly lowering the risk of their occurrence.

Why are neurological diseases?

In addition to individual factors influencing the health of the nervous system, there are factors that are the same for all. This lack of physical activity, poor nutrition, dirty air of the cities, intoxication. Because of these factors and develops an instability of the nervous system, causing such diseases. The risk of neurological diseases increases significantly with age, however statistics shows that some diseases of the nervous system is much "younger" and meet with the young people at the age of 20 years.

At risk are also children: complications in pregnancy or a difficult birth, oxygen deprivation or injury can cause abnormalities in the development of the nervous system. Thanks to modern medicine such deviations are tracked in the early stages of its appearance, and most children can be cured. However, if the disease was not seen and was not taken to address it, with age, the child will develop the symptoms of diseases of the nervous system.

Doctors that treat such diseases are called neurologists. Due to the fact that this specialty was called "neurologist", patients often are confused and trying to figure out who to go to the reception. The neurologist and the neuropathologist – the same specialist, just a neurologist is more modern sounding.

What does the neurologist?

Due to the fact that diseases of CNS are very diverse, the doctor needs to know on what basis they are different. Usually the changes of the nervous system lie either disruption of neural connections, or infectious inflammation arising and developing in the brain.

The most common reason for seeking a neurologist is

Prices for the services of a neurologist

In clinics at the place of residence specialist takes free. However, in private clinics the price of admission can vary from 1,500 rubles to 3,000 rubles. With

An MRI study may not be free everywhere, the average price is 4 000 rubles. It can vary depending on the city and clinic.

Symptoms of neurological disorders

As diseases of the nervous system – a piece serious and dangerous, in the event of their symptoms need to immediately go to a neurologist.

Often in diseases of the Central nervous systemyou experience the following symptoms:

  • Dizziness, accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
  • Lethargy, weakness in the limbs, drowsiness.
  • Frequent loss of consciousness.
  • Nervous tics or seizures.
  • Numbness, coldness in the extremities.
  • Sleep disorders, insomnia, anxiety and irrational fear.
  • Loss short term or long term memory.
  • The deterioration of the organs of touch and smell.

Another reason for early treatment to a neurologist can be a traumatic brain injury. Even if you think that everything will go yourself, better not to postpone visit to a specialist at a later time. Very often the consequences of such injuries manifest themselves much later, and are serious violations in the work of the whole organism.

Diagnosis of neurological diseases

Modern medicine allows us to use all the advances in technology. A neurologist has in its Arsenal a huge number of such funds. This diagnostic ultrasound, electroencephalography, radiography, and tomography. So doctors often resort to duplex scanning, which allows to closely examine the arteries of the brain. In addition to modern methods, there are laboratory-tested for decades – lumbar puncture (sampling of spinal fluid for analysis), biopsy, etc.

In order to accurately make a diagnosis, the doctor needs to carefully examine the medical history of the patient and ask about his illness.

The treatment of neurological diseases

Neurologists used one or several treatments. Conditionally they can be divided into 4 groups.

  1. Medication. This method of treatment involves taking medicines that promote the treatment of diseases of the nervous system.
  2. Drug-free. Often it is combined with other methods. These include proper diet, selected a doctor, reflexology, acupuncture and other unorthodox methods of treatment.
  3. Physical. Includes sets of exercises for the treatment of diseases of the nerves. In addition, in the physical method include electrophoresis, laser therapy and other similar treatments.
  4. Surgical. Used in the most extreme cases, when other methods were ineffective, and the disease continued to develop. Operations are conducted by a neurosurgeon with the use of modern machinery and equipment.

Prevention of diseases of the nervous system

Often the treatment is very time consuming and requires a responsible approach. Of course, the easiest disease susceptible at the initial stage, so that if you find yourself worrying symptoms, do not hesitate to go to the doctor.

And in order to prevent the development of such diseases, it is necessary to abandon tobacco and alcohol,regularly perform physical activities and eat in accordance with the diet. You should include in the diet more vitamins, vegetables and fruits. It is recommended to exclude spicy, salty and oily.