Home / Dizziness - Headache. Causes, symptoms and treatment. / Dizziness at normal, high and low pressure

Dizziness at normal, high and low pressure

Dizziness – this is one of the most common complaints of patients turning to the doctor, and are experiencing this issue, like the elderly and younger patients. Dizziness refers to a subjective state and is determined by the people as the sensation of movement of body in space, or movement of the surrounding objects around him, accompanied by loss of balance, nausea, inability to fix the gaze.

Dizziness is not a separate disease, as a rule, this condition acts as a symptom of a more than 80 nosological forms. Most often dizziness is caused by neurological, psychological, cardiac, ophthalmic diseases and ENT diseases.

Patients with dizziness are a serious medical problem. This condition is so dangerous as unpleasant. Management of people with dizziness (in medical terms vertigo) hard as in the diagnostic and therapeutic plan. So how to get rid of this symptom, you need to start to figure out the cause.

Most often dizziness is manifested in the fluctuations

Dizziness at high pressure

Almost always

Dizziness at low pressure

Dizziness is a frequent complaint of hypotensive along with General weakness, drowsiness, nausea, increased fatigue, reduced performance. As in the case of high blood pressure, dizziness when

Dizziness at normal pressure

A special case is the dizziness at normal pressure, because then it is unclear where did the pathological symptom and how to deal with it. As a rule, requires a long and detailed examination of the patient to establish why he's dizzy.

Dizziness with normal pressure can have several causes. Consider the most frequent.

Cervical osteochondrosis

is a frequent complaint of people with the disease. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine results in compression of the vertebral artery (the vessel that runs inside the cervical vertebrae into the cranial cavity and nourishes blood, a third of the brain). The syndrome of the vertebral artery, hypoxia of the brain – vertebrobasilar insufficiency, which causes dizziness.

For this type of vertigo is characterized by one specific feature is the appearance of dizziness with a sharp turn of his head. This allows the doctor to suspect the disease and to prescribe the necessary studies to clarify the diagnosis.

Principles of treatment of such pathological symptoms are eliminate the underlying disease that is cervicaldegenerative disc disease.

Diseases of the ear

Pathology of the ear is often the cause of dizziness (10%). This is due to the fact that in the inner ear is the maintenance of equilibrium of the human body and any condition that affects its function or affect the integrity of structures, may cause dizziness. To these complaints can cause disease Menera, chronic otitis media, labyrinthitis, vestibular neurons, etc.

It is very difficult to treat pathology, and in most cases require special surgical otolaryngological care.

Organic pathology of the brain

Dizziness can be a symptom of large amounts of organic pathology of the brain:

  • neoplasms of brain tissue;
  • consequences of craniocerebral injuries, acute disorders of cerebral circulation, inflammatory diseases (meningitis, encephalitis);
  • parasitic lesions of the brain;
  • congenital malformations of the brain tissue;
  • diseases of the Central nervous system with disruption of the cerebellum.

As a rule, such diseases are accompanied by other neurological and psychiatric symptoms, because their diagnosis of need to consult a neurologist and a number of additional examinations (EEG , CT scan ).

Psychogenic causes

Complaints of dizziness are among the ten most frequent in patients with psychogenic (neurotic) disorders. The characteristic feature in such cases is that the vertigo is accompanied by intense fear, anxious mood, vegetative disorders from the respiratory system (shortness of breath, hyperventilation), cardiovascular system (heart pain, palpitations), gastrointestinal tract (dysphagia, abdominal pain, disorders of stool, meteorism), termometros (chronic low-grade fever).

Very often psychogenic vertigo develops during panic attacks, manic-depressive States, in hysterical disorders.

Also cause dizziness can taking some medications (antihypertensive, antiparkinsonian, anticonvulsant, tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazepines), chronic intoxication, including drug development anemia a migraine attack.

Video about the causes and treatment of dizziness:

Physiological causes

It is also necessary to take into account the possibility of dizziness, which is physiological. For example, this situation can occur when a rapid change of speed of movement, owing to the whirling, the observation of moving objects.

You need to remember thateffective treatment of dizziness is possible only in case of establishing the cause of the symptom and correct it, and the intake of symptomatic drugs only in time will save you from the painful symptoms that in the near future to return.