How to cure a cyst of the brain in infants? Causes, symptoms and treatment.
A few years ago about the brain cyst in newborns almost nobody has heard of. Lately, every third child is born with this disease.
Cyst of the brain in young children occur when accumulation of fluid in areas of dead tissue. It has a ball filled with liquid. Sometimes a cyst is formed in the walls of the shell which are stuck together due to an inflammatory process.
Abdominal education may occur inside the brain or on its surface, and to reside in any part thereof, in one or several.
A brain cyst is not cancer in and of itself is perfectly safe. But she gradually progressing and putting pressure on other parts of the brain, causing them irreversible. Therefore it is impossible to ignore the presence of similar formations in the brain.
Classification of cysts of the brain
Depending on the location, time of occurrence and properties in newborns distinguish 3 types of brain cysts: a cyst of a vascular plexus, arachnoid, or Livorno, and subependymal.
A cyst of a vascular plexus is formed most often during fetal development. If it appeared in the beginning of pregnancy, usually does not represent any danger and even before birth or in infancy, disappears. After birth, this cyst develops mostly in the case if a woman during pregnancy suffered infectious or inflammatory disease. Often the cause is difficult labor or severe pregnancy.
Cerebral, or subependymal, the cyst occurs in the brain. To its formation leads to insufficient blood circulation in the brain, appears to be the cause of oxygen starvation of the brain parts and the death of tissue. Therefore, these tumors should be under constant surveillance.
Arachnoid, or livorna, a cyst is formed on the surface of the brain between the brain lining and brain. Her cavities are filled with cerebrospinal fluid. Causes of a cyst basically be inflammation, poor circulation in the brain and injury. Such education is growing rapidly, increasing in size and squeezing the nearby parts of the brain. Arachnoid cyst is a very rare anomaly. She is diagnosed only in 3% of newborns. In most cases this type of cyst occurs in boys.
Dr. Komarovsky on the brain cyst in children.
Causes of cysts
Often a cyst in the brain is formed by:
- congenital abnormalities of the Central nervous system;
- delivery and postnatal injuries;
- inflammatorydisease (especially meningitis and encephalitis);
- the penetration into the body of the herpes virus;
- cerebral hemorrhage;
- insufficient brain blood circulation, leading to oxygen starvation and poor nutrition of the cells with nutrients.
All these factors cause degeneration of brain tissues and they die.
The cyst may remain in place and not change in size. But in some cases the growth of cavitary education.
Basically, it happens when:
- the pressure in cavity space;
- further development of inflammatory and infectious diseases;
- the concussion of a brain of a child who has a cyst;
- contusions and head injuries in infants with existing pathology.
Symptoms of cyst of brain
Often the occurrence of cavernous formations are asymptomatic.
But sometimes the cyst declares itself:
- the abundant regurgitation and vomiting;
- swelling of the fontanelles and the emergence of surge;
- delayed physical and psychomotor development.
With the growth of cyst pressure on the surrounding tissue increases, worsening the condition of the baby.
The increase in the size of cavitary education accompanied by:
- headaches: spasmodic, aching and constant;
- disorders of vision, hearing, smell;
- the increase in intracranial pressure;
- pulsation and
Diagnosis of cyst of brain
Identify pathological changes in the brain will help pediatric neurologist. If a newborn is diagnosed as a cyst of the brain", then it is put on record to the neurosurgeon.
Cavity formation in infants find with the help of neurosonography – ultrasound of the brain, which is completely harmless. First diagnosis is carried out before the birth, and then upon reaching the age of one month. At this time, the fontanel is not yet closed, which guarantees high accuracy of the survey.
Required to diagnose premature infants, infants who require intensive care and underwent resuscitation after birth. You will need it in case of an unfavorable course of labour and pregnancy, and if there
Treatment of cyst of brain
The choice of method of treatment affects the way. Treatment of cavitary formations includes the supervision of a neurologist or a neurologist and surgery.
When the cyst of a vascular plexus that occurs in the embryonic stage, usually treatment is not required: it is sufficient to remove the cause of disease and cavitary education will resolve themselves during the first year of life. If the cyst is formed after birth, it may disappear, and may lead toserious consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct constant surveillance.
In the case of subependymal cysts intensive therapy is not required. Regular monitoring and surveys.
Radical treatment requires an arachnoid cyst. Education of this type will not be automatically removed and are actively growing. So often the doctor prescribes surgery.
Surgical treatment of cysts may be radical and palliative.
In radical therapy, the skull is subjected to trepanation cavity and remove education together with being in it the liquid. This operation is performed only in extreme cases of trauma.
An alternative to radical treatment methods are palliative by – pass surgery and endoscopy.
When abdominal bypass and remove the contents of education with the help of a shunting system. This method is less traumatic compared to radical treatment, but it has its drawbacks: the shunt due to prolonged stay in the brain could cause him infection and remove it is not a cyst, but only abdominal fluid.
Endoscopy in skull make small punctures and through them and remove the contents of the cyst using endoscope. The operation is low-traumatic and safe, but the surgeon who conducts it, must have high qualifications.
Successful recovery depends on the timely treatment to the neurologist, correct diagnosis and adequate treatment.
The complications in the brain cyst
The danger of brain education depends on its size and degree of progression.
Usually small, slow-growing cyst in infancy do not have any signs. But this does not mean that they do not need to pay attention to. In adolescence, these cysts can unexpectedly start to progress.
The lack of timely treatment can lead to irreversible diseases.
- blindness and deafness;
- violation of coordination of movements;
- the joints between the bones;
- hemorrhagic stroke;
- hydrocephalus – accumulation of fluid in the ventricles of the brain and disruption of its work;
- brain hemorrhages and death.
The prognosis of the disease
The prognosis is favorable if diagnosis and treatment are conducted in a timely manner, the cyst is small and not growing.
Ate and body cavity formation is characterized by large size and rapid growth, the prognosis depends on the timely conduct of the operation and its result.
Cyst in newborn is a benign form and usually resolves in the first year of life of the baby. But in any case, the necessary diagnostics and care.