Home / Vessels Headache. Causes, symptoms and treatment. / Pressure - Headache. Causes, symptoms and treatment. / Medications to treat intracranial pressure

Medications to treat intracranial pressure

In this article we try to answer the question, what drugs is treated intracranial pressure, when you need this kind of therapy and what other therapies.

What is increased intracranial pressure

Increased intracranial pressure – a complex diagnosis. On the one hand, it is a sign of severe and life-threatening diseases such as meningitis,

Medical treatment of increased intracranial pressure

To facilitate the state of patients with increased intracranial pressure and to relieve the acute symptoms is used a complex scheme of drug therapy. It consists of the following areas:

  1. Diuretics. Diuretics – this is the first thing resorted to in such situations. They allow with minimal damage to body out the surplus liquid, in particular, and enhance the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid. This reduces intracranial pressure. This treatment has some side effects: dehydration fabrics, leaching the body of calcium, magnesium, potassium and other elements, reduction

    Aimed conservative treatment of intracranial pressure

    Often enough increased intracranial pressure is the result of diseases that require directed conservative treatment:

    1. Anti-inflammatory drugs. Inflammatory diseases of the brain and meninges require antibiotics and anti-inflammatory therapy. Since emergency treatment is required, choose the most effective method of administration: intravenous infusion, or even injection into the spinal canal. The last option is quite complicated and painful, but the drugs with cerebrospinal goes directly to the brain.
    2. Antitumor therapy. Cause of increased intracranial pressure may be tumors – malignant and

      Treatment is high intracranial pressure in children

      It is difficult to say at what point in the domestic Pediatrics has increased the interest in intracranial pressure infants children and why they are charged tearfulness, poor sleep, irritability and other problems. But today, the phrase "That you have raised intracranial pressure" has become the duty of district response to many neurologists for any complaints and abnormalities of the nervous system.

      Usually this is followed by the appointment of glycine, antianxiety drugs, dietary Supplements and homeopathic remedies. But to the correction of intracranial pressure, they have nothing to do.

      In fact, intracranial pressure in children is quite flexible and can easily be raised and lowered depending on activity and health. To adjust it somemeans there is no need.

      And yet, it is necessary to mention only the case when newborns do increased intracranial pressure, which affects their condition. This disease is called hydrocephalus or as it is popularly called, dropsy of the brain. It develops rarely and is associated with the pathology of the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid. To detect this condition easily enough: swollen or bulging Fontanelle, a few Googly eyes, too large for the age, the radius of the head.

      To determine the level of intracranial pressure in two ways: to enter the sensor pressure gauge directly in the skull or spinal canal. Cerebral ultrasound, x-ray, MRI, CT and other methods give only indirect evidence.

      In such cases, require complex treatment, carried out strictly in the hospital and under the supervision of experts. It includes conservative methods of therapy, but they act only as maintenance therapy. The only effective option is to install a shunt that allows repeatedly to divert the excess fluid.

      If the problem is so significant that the question of what drugs to treat intracranial pressure is irrelevant, the only option is surgical treatment. It may include such directions:

      1. The introduction of a shunt to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid. This is the most drastic, but effective method. The shunt allows you to withdraw the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid and thereby relieve the excess pressure on the brain.
      2. Spinal tap. This one-time procedure, but it allows you to quickly lower the pressure, which is especially important in case of emergency.
      3. Removal of the tumor or hematoma. If increased intracranial pressure caused by tumors or hematomas, the most effective method is to remove it. It is associated with certain risks, but allows you to get rid of the causes of the increase in pressure and related complications.

      Increased intracranial pressure is not a problem that can be resolved only with conservative methods of therapy, but individualized scheme of medical treatment can improve the patient's condition and prepare it for more effective treatment, if needed.