Glios, the brain is not a single disease but a pathological process that develops in the tissues of the brain. Its essence lies in the fact that in place of the dead neurons that have died because of some specific reasons, proliferating glial cells (a kind of scar in the brain).
Neuroglia is a set of auxiliary cells of the brain, which make up 40% of its mass. It should be noted that glial cells are much smaller than normal neurons and exceed their number in 10-50 times. Glial cells are very important to brain neurons. They provide support, trophic, protective, discretionary and secretory function. Neuroglia consists of several types of cellular elements and the intercellular substance.
In case of any damage of neurons in the brain glial proliferation is a kind of compensatory reaction. It prevents the growth of scar tissue and in some way partially retains the function of this area of the brain. But it should be clearly understood that neuroglia are not able to perform all the functions of dead neurons, therefore we have a neurological deficit.
Causes gliosis of the brain
It is important to remember! Glioz is not an independent disease, but is a kind of compensatory reaction of the brain to death and damage of neurons. In most cases, the signs of this process are completely absent, and it is identified accidentally during examination for another reason.
Glioz is a physiological process during aging of the brain. When the neurons of the brain with age die, their place deservedly occupy glial cells. Associate with this deterioration in fine movements, lack of coordination, memory and mental functions.
But if glios discovered at a young age, it is necessary to seek the cause of this phenomenon. Among these may be:
- genetic diseases, which are accompanied by violation of metabolism, particularly fat metabolism;
The types of gliosis of the brain
Depending on the distribution and nature of the glial changes of the following types of pathological process:
- Anisomorpha form – when the cellular elements predominate over fibrous.
- Fiber is dominated by the fibrous structure of the intercellular substance of the glial cell has the cell elements.
- Diffuse – when glios apply to large areas of brain tissue in diffuse pathological processes such as cerebral ischemia,
Symptoms of gliosis
In most cases, if glios not caused by a serious neurological disease, e.g. multiple sclerosis, symptoms are completely absent, andthe pathological process is diagnosed according
How to establish the diagnosis?
To establish the diagnosis on clinical signs is impossible. As a rule, glios diagnosed coincidentally during examination for another reason. A method that allows you to visualize glial lesions is magnetic resonance imaging. With its help it is possible to accurately calculate the amount of gliosis.
In addition to revealing the pathological process, it is necessary to understand the cause. For this purpose all possible additional methods, which include detailed neurological examination.
Video about conducting magnetic resonance imaging of the brain:
Consequences and complications
As a rule, glios asymptomatic and does not cause any consequences. But, if the pathological lesions of multiple or large in area, there may be serious consequences, including:
- intellectual disorders;
- mental disorders;
- jumps in blood pressure;
- constant headaches and dizziness;
- asthenic manifestations;
- coordination disorder;
- speech pathology;
- paralysis and paresis;
- hearing and sight;
- changes in the psyche;
- the development of dementia.
It is important to remember! The consequences and complications gliosis depend on the size of lesions, their prevalence and the presence of active primary disease, which causes their education.
You need to clearly understand that effective treatments for gliosis does not exist today. It is necessary to treat the disease that caused this pathological process, to prevent the development of new lesions and progression of the old.
The important point in the prevention of further progression of gliosis is the food. First and foremost you must exclude from your diet fatty foods, because fats contribute to the progression of gliosis. This is especially pronounced in the presence of genetic disorders of lipid metabolism.
You can apply a nootropic, vasoactive and metabolic drugs, but such treatment is nonspecific. And if not eliminate the causes of pathological disorders will be in vain.
To prevent the growth of glia in the brain recommend the following activities:
- refusal from fatty foods;
- adequate treatment of the primary pathology;
- control of blood pressure;
- daily caloric content of food should be provided mainly by carbohydrates;
- way of life should follow the principles of healthy;
- permanent supervision by a neurologist.
Glios matter of the brain is a serious problem which has longgoes unnoticed, but in the case of accumulation of critical mass of glial cells develop severe symptoms which not only worsen the quality of life, but also contribute to disability and the need of constant assistance. Because prevention and early detection of diseases that lead to gliosis, is a very important event savings social activity.