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Brain hemorrhage: causes symptoms and effects

Bleeding in the brain – one of the worst diseases with a fairly negative Outlook. About 50% of people with it die within the first month, more than half of the others get disability. The likelihood of a favorable prognosis depends on the speed of the doctor, setting the correct diagnosis and start of treatment.

What is brain hemorrhage?

Like any organ, the brain is a network of blood vessels. But in some cases blood vessels are destroyed, causing the blood penetrates the brain tissue. This disrupts the normal functioning of the neurons, can cause swelling,

Causes of bleeding in the brain

There are a number of diseases and conditions that increase the likelihood of bleeding in the brain. In the first place these include:

  1. Hypertension. High blood pressure is bad for the condition of the vessel. There are areas with stretched and thinned-walled, microscopic ruptures, aneurysms.
  2. A traumatic brain injury. They are one of the most common causes of hemorrhagic strokes, especially in young people.
  3. Aneurysm. An aneurysm is a vascular pathology in which the vessel wall is formed a protrusion and thinning of the walls.
  4. Malformation. Abnormal tangle of vessels (malformation) significantly increases the risk of bursting.
  5. Receiving blood thinners. Regular intake of drugs that reduce the blood's ability to form blood clots (aspirin, warfarin, etc.), in some cases, leads to bleeding of various localizations. The same effect can give the drugs used for the emergency repair of blood clots in case of a heart attack.
  6. Diseases of the blood. The same mechanism of disease, leading to impaired blood clotting.
  7. Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic the formation of plaques on the walls of blood vessels may be a prerequisite for haemorrhagic stroke.
  8. Of the tumor. Some brain tumors are prone to bleeding.

There are a number of factors that increase the likelihood of bleeding in the brain:

  1. Age more than 50 years.
  2. The Negroid or Mongoloid race.
  3. Obesity.
  4. Diabetes.
  5. Alcoholism.
  6. The use of cocaine.
  7. Elevated cholesterol levels.

The combination of multiple risk factors increases the likelihood of hemorrhagic stroke.

The symptoms of hemorrhage

This condition can have a lot of manifestations, depending on the cause of the hemorrhage, its location, volume, and other factors.

It usually develops spontaneously, against the full or relative well-being, most often during the period of wakefulness. Precipitating factor is often a head injury, emotional orphysical stress, severe stress.

Symptoms can be extremely varied and include the following symptoms:

  1. Strong

    Diagnosis of hemorrhage in the brain

    When the doctor is approached by someone with similar symptoms, for diagnosis used in various studies. Some of them are urgent, others are used less frequently. But the most popular are the following:

    1. Survey. If the patient is conscious, the doctor asks questions about his health, the time of onset of symptoms, intensity. Otherwise, the necessary information can give loved ones. Important is history taking: presence provoking hemorrhage diseases


      Treatment in such cases largely depends on the cause of bleeding, type and localization. The first and main task of doctors is to stabilize the patient's condition.

      For the normalization condition will be prescribed drugs that reduce blood pressure, primarily beta-adrenoblokatory. High blood pressure in combination with intracerebral hemorrhage worsens the prognosis. If the pressure should be reduced urgently, used intravenous nitrates. Severe pain stoped narcotic drugs. Need for prevention of brain edema.

      When large and fresh hemorrhages have resorted to surgical methods of treatment. But the probability of a favorable outcome depends on the localization of the hematoma and the reasons for its occurrence. With a little and discovered after some time, it is recommended conservative treatment.

      Great value in the treatment of hemorrhages in the brain is the rehabilitation process. Most people who have had the disease, there are problems with memory, speech, coordination, mobility. Recovery may require perseverance, time and effort, and not only the doctor-the nurse and the patient and his loved ones.

      Prevention of hemorrhages in the brain

      Brain hemorrhage is a very serious disease with a predominantly poor prognosis. More than half of the cases end with fatal outcome, while others have required a long and complex rehabilitation process. Therefore, the best way to protect yourself from it is a timely and proper prevention:

      1. To give up alcohol and Smoking.
      2. To reduce the amount of animal fats in the diet.
      3. After 35 years every year to check the level of cholesterol in blood, if necessary – purposefully to reduce.
      4. To monitor blood pressure. When the first signs of hypertension to begin treatment. It is important to know that in the early stages of hypertension is notmanifests itself nothing but high blood pressure. Therefore, people over the age of 35 should be regularly measured.
      5. Monitor the weight to avoid obesity.
      6. Adhere to a healthy lifestyle, moderate exercise.
      7. To take blood thinners only on the recommendation and under the supervision of a physician.

      These seven simple tips may seem trivial and obvious, but in practice, they observe not all. However, they can actually reduce the likelihood of many severe and dangerous diseases, including bleeding in the brain.